Steelhead Fishing Basics

I spent many exciting days on my local river pursuing steelhead. Initially, I was a trout fisherman. I quickly learned that anything I knew about stocker trout was inadequate for catching and subduing a steelhead. I learned from the many fisherman I met while on the river, observing how they fished, and the baits, lures and tackle they were using successfully.

As luck would have it, my junior high school gym teacher was an avid steelhead fisherman, and a good one too. I lived in a gate restricted community that my river flowed through, and gave him permission to fish this area. In return, he shared his knowledge with me. Other part-time residents of this area also shared what they had learned as well.

A good set of waders or hip boots is a must. Initially, I had a pair of hip boots. As long a the water wasn't too deep, this was adequate. Eventually, to ford crossings, and successfully fish more portions of the river, I graduated to waders, for deeper waters.

Sinkers come in many sizes and type. My favorites are Twistons. They are a thin lead that comes in a matchbook packaging. Twist on as much or a little as you need for a given purpose. There are a real variety of sinkers: slip sinkers, that slide on your line, split shot, that clamps to your line, terminal sinkers, that attach to the bottom of terminal tackle, and others.

You need to know something about this species. They mature in the oceans, and are a cousin of the salmon. In appearance, they look like silver (coho) salmon, or a small king salmon. They have a gunmetal blue back, a pearly white belly, and silvery sides. When they are fresh from the ocean, they are indistinguishable from a salmon. Their flesh is red colored, and very healthy to eat, being loaded with the bounty of our oceans. There are two types: the bucks (males) and hens (females). When fish have been in fresh or brackish water for a time, their sides display the characteristic pink coloration of the rainbow trout. Size wise, any fish less than 24" long is an "egg-eater", an immature fish that just follows its larger brethren. Only the larger fish are there to spawn, though egg-eaters are fun to catch.

Each sex has its own distinctive style, and you will probably know what you have caught before you land it. When a buck takes your offering, initially you might think that you have snagged the bottom or a rock. Then you feel him shake his head. You can imagine a light bulb has appeared above his head, and he's asking "Which way is downstream?", just before he rips off a hundred yard run in that direction. You would be well advised to pursue him as best you can, or he may take all of your line, and escape. When a hen takes your offering, the light bulb goes off again, but she's saying "Oh my god, I'm hooked!", before she explodes six feet into the air. She will dart, tail walk, leap, and dash about your immediate area, before you land her after she reaches exhaustion.

Of the two, I value the hen more. She is loaded with roe, which is the best bait available for use. Other brands of salmon roe in the stores cannot compare. Save it, freeze it in tin foil portions for later use. The best way to dole it out, is with maline squares, available at your favorite fishing store. Using a scissors, cut a thumbnail size portion of roe onto a maline cloth square. Gather the corners and edges together, and wrap tightly with a similarly colored sewing thread. The resulting "berries" can be hooked to your line and presented to future fish,
and are quite safe from smaller predators. The berries can be stored in foil for that days fishing, and can even be prepared the night before your expedition.

Like their salmon cousins, steelhead are not hungry during their spawning stage. So, why offer them bait? They will still bite a bait in an attempt to conceal their spawning beds. They assume that this offering has washed downstream from a spawning ground, and if they eat it, no one is the wiser. Lures and flies trigger an instinctive strike. The fish isn't feeding, but simply striking a food source that is annoying it. Unlike salmon, when they have spawned, steelhead do not die. They return downstream, and the "spent" fish return to the ocean for another season. They grow larger in the ocean environment, and return again to spawn the next season. You might hook a spent fish on its return trip. The true sportsman should release it, and let it return to the ocean. You help ensure the next generation, and may catch an even larger fish next year.

There are many lures that trigger a strike. My personal favorite is Heddon's Flatfish, usually in a size 4 or 5. The colors I have had the most success with are silver, gold, or fluorescent red. Having a supply of each size and color is advised. They come equipped with a dual treble hook. According to your local fishing regulations, you may need to modify this. In my case, we were only allowed two barbs. We could either cut off one barb from each treble hook, and many times modified the lure with two opposing single hooks and barbs. This did not affect the lure action.

Other types are various spinners and spoons. Again, in silvers, golds and fluorescent reds. You choose which color to use depending on the water color at the time, or the time of day. If the water is murky from a recent rainfall, the fluorescent may be more visible. If the water is clear, use the silver colors in the early portion of the day or when the sunlight is ebbing. If the sun is shining, the fish will be less spooky with the gold colors. You can use larger sizes than the standard "trout" models, but don't use the larger "trolling" sizes. They are simply too large, or require too much weight to be effective.

If you prefer fly fishing, steelhead flies are unique. They typically are larger sizes than standard trout patterns, and often have "bug" eyes and fluorescent colors. They come in many patterns and descriptions. Your local tackle shop can supply the best advice on what works in your area. I personally used fly patterns at my river mouth, a few hundred yards from the Pacific Ocean. This was a wide area, and quite deep. It required longer casts, and a rapid sinking rate. I used a "bug" taper shooting head, which was a lead core line. With an appropriate rod, I could cast at least one hundred feet, and allow my offering to drift through a deep channel in the river. I could put the rod between my legs, and allow the fly to drift with the current, setting the hook as needed.

Lines come in many types and weights. You probably need at least a 10# mono filament. Anything lighter runs the risk of being broken by a larger fish. If you use a backing, particularly on a fly reel, it can be 18# test or greater. Fly lines are sinking, floating, or a combination of the two. You probably want some type of sinking fly line for most of the larger steelhead flies. A weight forward type is probably preferable. Typically, the line will be a #5 or greater, depending on the length and type of pole being used.

All in all, your first steelhead will spoil you compared to any standard trout. Imagine the largest trout you have ever caught before. But first, put that fish to sea for four years or more. Let it grow large and get stronger. When it finally returns to fresh water to spawn, it's going to be a "trout on steroids," and as they said on Saturday Night Live, "all pumped up!"

What You Can Use For Tackle When You Fish For Carp

Fishing is enjoyed by a lot of people, men and women alike, as a hobby or a sport. People go fishing to relax, to have fun, or as a type of therapy. When fishing, people use a variety of tackle and rigs to catch the fish they want. Specific types of fish require specific types of fishing tackle. An important part is products such as the Delkim. It is also known as Delkim bite alarms.

When you want to catch carp from a lake, there are various effective techniques that you can use.


If you are fishing at the lower part of the lake, you can use a single hook or a hook that has several hooks at the end of it. You put carp bait on the hook. The bait can be live such as night crawlers. There is also bait that has the color and odour that carp like. Strange baits such a Salmon eggs or power bait are also very effective as bait. Power bait is available in bright colors that fish like, like neon pink, yellow or green. Some power bait has glitter that reflects sunlight. That serves to attract the fish's attention as well.


You also need to use lures. These are usually constructed to resemble colorful small fish, like what you would out in nature. The lures can have many different colors and shine to them. Some of them may have spots. They can be one color or multi-colored. Gold and silver are popular colors. Lures come in different weights and sizes. You have to experiment with different ones to entice the fish to bite at it. This is what makes fishing fun because there is lot more to fishing technique than just dropping a line in and wait passively for the fish to bite your hook.


Fly fishing is another method of catching fish. This method uses an entirely different set of tackle. A rod is used instead of a regular pole. The line needs to be a particular weight.


There are different species of carp in the lake. These fish can be caught using the tackle described above. Fishing is all about experimenting with different tackle and technique. If something does not catch any fish, try something different. Switch your lures or your baits. Fish can be smart, so you have to try different things to find the right combination that will catch the fish.

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Blood Knot

A blood knot is used for joining sections of fishing line while maintaining a high portion of the line's inherent strength. Other knots used for this purpose can cause a substantial loss of strength. In fly fishing, this serves to build a leader of gradually decreasing diameter with the castable fly line attached at the large diameter end and the fly or hook at the small diameter end. The principal drawback to the blood knot is the dexterity required to tie it. It is also likely to jam; not usually with fishing line, but with thicker normal rope. For more information on fishing knots visit my source.

Carp fishing Tips: Boost your Carp Rig to acknowledge Inserts and Aborted Will take

When you are out carp fishing, among the difficulties you uncover is telling the principle big difference from the massive lining and also an aborted consider.

A median state of affairs goes for example this: you might be with persistence awaiting a carp to acquire your bait, and out of the blue you receive a flurry of beeps from your alarm and maybe even the tip on the fishing rod commences to jerk as well as you're thinking that you've got received a seafood hooked. You might be certain cost has moved and hurrying towards the fishing rod you with pleasure strike into that which you assume to be a large carp nonetheless it actually operates out to be outdoor. You wind in, anxiously wishing to get maintain on the seafood but without having success, there is certainly nothing at all in the finish of the line. Following this you examine the carp rig, inspect the hook and question what went down. I lately emerged by using a strategy to reinforce your carp rig that will clarify for all those that have had been constructed with a large lining or maybe an aborted just take.

How you can modify your carp rig

For quite a while it has been broadly identified that introducing a little of plastic tube to slide in the shank through the hook and seize your hair can be used a telltale indicator to stage regardless of whether a carp has blown the bait. Now that is all good and dandy, I have attempted it but I've managed to move on. I'm content utilizing the functionality of my carp fishing rigs and I'd rather not alter the actual way it works. With my rig, the instant the carp accumulates cost, shakes its brain or moves off, charge will disappear the plastic tube, slide down the road and be a running carp rigs, therefore halting the carp through the use of demand to swing the hook and providing you with good bite indicator whichever way it swims.

What precisely I began carrying out lately is departing the tail which is still left after I have tied the 5 flip double knot about 30-40mm lengthy. Then i slide the plastic tube inside the complete from your eye from your swivel which pushes the tail forwards for the swivel. As soon as I am all set and capable to go, I slide back demand from the plastic tube for the mainline. I Rapidly go on and take lengthy knot tail and poke it in towards the hole while in the middle in the inline lead in which the area was once. Keeping the tail in the plastic tube, I frivolously slide cost down once again over equally tail and plastic tube to tarp the tail. Only do this with ample contentration to make sure that cost just grips the tube when held by way of the baits. This is the way the rig will seafood, tail trapped completely ready for carrying out things. When your seafood accumulates the bait, shakes its mind or moves off, demand 35mm slides off.

Being aware of you've experienced an aborted just take

Inside of this example, state that your hook wasn't sharp ample or even the seafood was just just nicked and also the carp will get away with. A couple of seconds later on, you strike into outdoors, catch and examine cost. If the tail is now fully uncovered, not-hidden if you would like, you will know you've got been done as well as a rigorous inspection from the hook is required. Ultimately this: after the direct 35mm slides back again, the tail jumps out and kicks forwards for the reason that plastic tube bends its again for the swivel. About the retrieve, demand 35mm slides down again within the plastic along with the swivel, and prevents the tail from re-entering the opening. So regrettably, you have experienced an aborted just take, but no less than you may well be virtually 100% particular that is certainly what it had been.

Realizing it only agreed to be a sizable lining

Within the following instance, let us say a sturgeon or maybe a big catfish accumulates your strains making use of its chest and offers a magnificent small consider. Charge can get pulled sideways in the gravel because it is getting drawn by means of the mainline. Demand isn't going to shed relationship together with the plastic tube pressed inside the swivel as it is currently being drawn about this. You strike what you take into account to be a real just take merely to come to feel no resistance. You wind in, inspect charge along with the telltale tail continues to be nicely hidden in on the guide. You've now discovered it experienced turn out to be merely a huge lining, you've held to redo the fishing rod even so, you may have wished to accomplish that in any case pursuing the lead and rig (particularly the hook) happen to be pulled inside the bottom.

The important thing element is always that you simply know specifically what went down by searching in the condition from the tail in the lead so consider it out the next time you might be out and don't fail to remember: charge by no means lies!

The first rig that you have to learn is the Hair Rig. To learn it click over here now.